This is the oldest existing Basilica, dating back to the 2nd century B.C. The seat of the law courts was here and commercial and financial transactions also took place. After a portico comes the main entrance, which opened on the forum and, differently from the majority of basilicas, is located on one of the building’s short sides. The tribunal, part of the Basilica where the law-courts were, was on the short side, opposite the entrance, and consisted in a two meter high podium on top of which were six Corinthian columns. There are no stairs to the podium, this suggests that it could only be reached through wooden stairs, which could be removed in order to separate the judges from the rest of the people. Another hypothesis is that the podium was simply a sacellum for religious statues. The 28 Columns of the portico are made of cut tiles. Judging from their diameter they must have been at least eleven meters tall. They probably supported the big beams of the roof, although some believe the central nave of the building was open to the sky. The walls are decorated with panels of painted stucco. The Basilica had two other entrances on the long sides, one looking south and one north on Via Marina.